A RHIZOME is a botanical term referring to a horizontal stem that is usually underground and sends out root and shoots. It is not possible to locate a rhizome’s source root. Rhizomatic thinking contrasts with arborescent thinking. ARBORESCENT modes of thought, according to Deleuze & Guattari, are specially characteristic of the grand narratives of modernist, capitalist thought. To disrupt arborescent thought is to question modern conceptions of human subjectivity.
Marc Ngui: A Thousand Plateus Drawings
They don’t like hierarchical terminology of separate entities with distinct essences. They like to think about the interconnections, the point where individuality and essence break down. We have to look to the world in terms of relationship and heterogeneity, not like freely choosing, autonomous, individual entities.
Delauze and Guattari don’t agree with Freud and Marx because they told master narratives that ultimately limits the complexity of reality with their transcendent interpretations of human subjectivity and history. They propose an immanent mode of interpretation that allows complexity.
“Fascism is all about transcendent interpretations.”
Deleuze and Guattari conceive human beings as DESIRING-MACHINES. Machines are reproductive, so the desire is too. Desire produces libidinal energy. The desiring machine is connected to a BODY WITHOUT ORGANS (BwO). This concept denies that the person is to be found inside the body, composed of autonomous, self-sustaining, and organized internal forms. Instead, it suggests the motion that the person / body is interconnected, exterior, open, multiple, fragmented, provisional and interpenetrated by other entities.
They also thought about the space where the body without organs occupie and they called it: DETERRITORALIZED. (Contrary to territorialized / to totalize / religion / family / school)